Willow
(Black Willow)

Scientific Name: Salix nigra

General Description
The sapwood of Willow varies in width according to growing conditions and is light creamy brown in color.  In contrast, the heartwood is pale reddish brown to greyish brown.  The wood has a fine even texture and although generally straight-grained it can sometimes be interlocked, or display figure.

Working Properties
Willow works fairly easily with hand and machine tools but care is needed to avoid a fuzzy surface when interlocked grain is present.  The wood nails and screws well, glues excellently, and can be sanded to a very good finish.  It dries fairly rapidly with minimal degrade although may be susceptible to moisture pockets.  Dimensional stability is good when dry.

Physical Properties
The wood is weak in bending, compression, shock resistance and stiffness, with a poor steam bending classification.

Specific Gravity: 0.39 (12% M.C.)
Average Weight: 417 kg/m3 (12% M.C.)
Average Volumetric Shrinkage: 11.5% (Green to 6% M.C.)
Modulus of Elasticity: 6960 MPa
Hardness: N/A

Availability
Moderate availability on a regional basis.

Main Uses
Furniture, mouldings and millwork, paneling, doors, sports equipment, kitchen utensils and toys.  Good walnut substitute.