White Ash
(Northern Ash, Southern Ash)

Scientific Name: Fraxinous americana

General Description
The sapwood is light-colored to nearly white and the heartwood varies from greyish or light brown, to pale yellow streaked with brown.  The wood is generally straight-grained with a coarse uniform texture.  The degree and availability of light-colored sapwood, and other properties, will vary according to the growing regions.

Working Properties
Ash machines well, is good in nailing, screwing and gluing, and can be stained to a very good finish.  It dries fairly easily with minimal degrade, and there is little movement in performance.

Physical Properties
Ash has very good overall strength properties relative to its weight.  It has excellent shock resistance and is good for steam bending.

Specific Gravity: 0.60 (12% M.C.)
Average Weight: 673 kg/m3 (12% M.C.)
Average Volumetric Shrinkage: 10.7% (Green to 6% M.C.)
Modulus of Elasticity: 11,977 MPa
Hardness: 5871 N

Availability
Readily available, (4.6 percent of total U.S.  hardwoods commercially available).

Main Uses
Furniture, flooring, doors, architectural millwork and moulding, kitchen cabinets, paneling, tool handles, baseball bats, hockey sticks, billiard cues, skis, oars and turnings.