Red Oak
(Northern Red Oak, Southern Red Oak)

Scientific Name: Quercus rubra

General Description
The sapwood of Red Oak is white to light brown and the heartwood is a pinkish reddish brown.  The wood is similar in general appearance to white oak, but with a slightly less pronounced figure due to the smaller rays.  The wood is mostly straight-grained, with a coarse texture.

Working Properties
Red Oak machines well, nailing and screwing are good although pre-boring is recommended, and it can be stained to a good finish.  It can be stained with a wide range of finish tones.  It dries slowly.

Physical Properties
The wood is hard and heavy, with medium bending strength and stiffness and high crushing strength.  It is very good for steam bending.  Southern Red Oak has a more rapid growth than Northern Red Oak and tends to be harder and heavier.

Specific Gravity: 0.63 (12% M.C.)
Average Weight: 705 kg/m3 (12% M.C.)
Average Volumetric Shrinkage: 10.8 (Green to 6% M.C.)
Modulus of Elasticity: 12,549 MPa
Hardness: 5738 N

Availability
Abundant.  Most widely used species, (36.6 percent of total U.S.  hardwoods commercially available).

Main Uses
Furniture, flooring, architectural millwork and mouldings, doors, kitchen cabinets, paneling and caskets.