Elm
(Red Elm)

Scientific Name: Ulmus rubra

General Description
Red Elm has a greyish white to light brown narrow sapwood, with heartwood that is reddish brown to dark brown in color.  The grain can be straight, but is often interlocked.  The wood has a coarse texture.

Working Properties
The wood of Red Elm is fairly easy to work, it nails, screws and glues well, and can be sanded and stained to a good finish.  It dries well with minimum degrade and little movement in performance.

Physical Properties
Elm is moderately heavy, hard and stiff with excellent bending and shock resistance.  It is difficult to split because of its interlocked grain.

Specific Gravity: 0.53 (12% M.C.)
Average Weight: 593 kg/m3 (12% M.C.)
Average Volumetric Shrinkage: 11% (Green to 6% M.C.)
Modulus of Elasticity: 10,274 MPa
Hardness: 3825 N

Availability
Limited, especially in thicker stock.

Main Uses
Furniture, cabinet making, flooring, millwork, paneling and caskets.