Birch
(Yellow Birch)

Scientific Name: Betula alleghaniensis

General Description
Yellow Birch has a white sapwood and light reddish brown heartwood.  The wood is generally straight-grained with a fine uniform texture.  Generally characterized by a plain and often curly or wavy pattern.

Working Properties
The wood works fairly easily, glues well with care, takes stain extremely well, and nails and screws satisfactorily where pre-boring is advised.  It dries rather slowly with little degrade, but it has moderately high shrinkage, so is susceptible to movement in performance.

Physical Properties
The wood of Yellow Birch is heavy, hard and strong.  It has very good wood bending properties, with good crushing strength and shock resistance.

Specific Gravity: 0.62 (12% M.C.)
Average Weight: 689 kg/m3 (12% M.C.)
Average Volumetric Shrinkage: 13.4% (Green to 6% M.C.)
Modulus of Elasticity: 13,859 MPa
Hardness: 5604 N

Availability
Somewhat limited, especially in thick stock, (0.7 percent of total U.S.  hardwoods commercially available)

Main Uses
Furniture, millwork and paneling, doors, flooring, kitchen cabinets, turnings and toys.